Annotated Bibliography: Veganism and Malnutrition

Colev, M., Engel, H., Mayers, M., Markowitz, M., & Cahill, L. (2004). Vegan diet and vitamin A deficiency.Clinical Pediatrics, 43(1), 107-9.

This article focuses on the effect of vegan diets on children, and how certain nutrients may be insufficient in their diets. It incorporates the importance of the parents’ role, and how they are the main figures in the children’s lives, which further means they are the main influence in their diets. Furthermore this article highlights the importance of education of parents regarding restrictive diets, and how they can reach healthy eating habit goals without breaking their beliefs. If they are not following the recommended diet guidelines, then they are at risk of running health risks such as not getting the essential amount of nutrients.Izmirli, Serdar, and Clive J.C. Phillips. “The Relationship between Student Consumption of Animal Products and Attitudes to Animals in Europe and Asia.” British Food Journal 113.3 (2011): 436-50. Emerald Insight. Web.


Izmirli, Serdar, and Clive J.C. Phillips. “The Relationship between Student Consumption of Animal Products and Attitudes to Animals in Europe and Asia.” British Food Journal 113.3 (2011): 436-50. Emerald Insight. Web.

The article highlights the relationship between the attitudes of young adults and consumption of animals. This study was completed throughout countries of Europe and Asia, and inquired the reasons behind the decision of becoming vegan or vegetarian. Two prominent reasons were the support of animal rights and the concern of personal health. It should be noted that there was a distinction between reasons of vegetarians and vegans, and that vegans were more towards concern of animal rights. This article exhibits the reasoning behind the decision of becoming vegan.


Messina, V, Mangels, AR. Considerations in Planning Vegan Diets Children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2001;101(6):661–669.

This article highlights the case of a young boy who was diagnosed with Keratomalacia, a rare disease that is associated with bizarre diets, along with other factors. Other than gaining information about the disease, the study also underlines the importance of parents being educated in nutrition, and how restrictive diets require extra attention to fulfill essential nutrients. This case study, although rare, demonstrates a potential consequence of not providing a nutritious diet for their children.


Radnitz, Cynthia, Bonnie Beezhold, and Julie DiMatteo. “Investigation of Lifestyle Choices of Individuals following a Vegan Diet for Health and Ethical Reasons.” Appetite 90 (2015): 31-36. Science Direct. Web.

The study looked into the health of vegans, particularly how much of a nutritional value their diet had. First, researchers inquired about the reason for their diet. The researchers further investigated their diets, and calculated the nutritional value, whether the reason was of ethical or health concerns. It was hypothesized that individuals who leaned towards making healthy choices were typically those with higher nutrition in their diets. However individuals whose purpose was related to ethical concerns reported a longer time being on their diets and as well as taking a higher level of nutrient supplements. Individuals who were concerned about health simply reported eating more fruit and less sweets.


Waldmann, A., Koschizke, J. W., Leitzmann, C., & Hahn, A. (2003). Dietary intakes and lifestyle factors of a vegan population in germany: Results from the german vegan study.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57(8), 947-55.

This article focused on a study conducted in Germany that examined adults with vegan diets, regarding their nutrient levels. Although there were lower BMIs as well as higher energy intakes, there were some nutrients that were under the recommended level. Participants of a subgroup who consumed a small number of animal products were able to gain these nutrients at an appropriate level. Furthermore, vegan diets require additional supplements to fulfill the favorable vitamin and mineral intakes.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.